Definition of Circassian in English:


Line breaks: Cir¦cas|sian
Pronunciation: /səːˈkasɪən


  • 1A member of a group of mainly Sunni Muslim peoples of the NW Caucasus.
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    • Arabs represented 98 percent of the population, Circassians one percent, and Armenians one percent.
    • While the Druze and the Circassians were made to serve in the armed forces, Muslims and Christians were not allowed to do so.
    • Among the resisters were the Circassians in the west and the Chechens and Dagestanis in the east, all Muslims.
  • 2 [mass noun] Either of two North Caucasian languages of the Circassians, Adyghe and Kabardian. Also called Cherkess.
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    • Kurdish, Armenian, and Circassian also are spoken.
    • They learn Hebrew, English and Circassian at school.
    • Even in Turkey the younger generation still speak Circassian - albeit only poorly, as a second language.


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  • Relating to the Circassians or their language.
    More example sentences
    • When he built this hotel in 1912 he filled it with Austrian crystal chandeliers, Circassian walnut paneling, and an Italian marble staircase and floors.
    • It set off her golden eyes, and her very light blond hair, a legacy of her Circassian ancestors.
    • Special seats were set aside in parliament for Christian, Chechen, Circassian, and Bedouin minorities.


from Circassia, Latinized form of Russian Cherkes, denoting a district in the northern Caucasus.

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