Definition of Eskimo in English:

Eskimo

Line breaks: Es¦kimo
Pronunciation: /ˈɛskɪməʊ
 
/

noun (plural same or Eskimos)

1A member of an indigenous people inhabiting northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and eastern Siberia, and traditionally living by hunting seals and other Arctic animals and birds and by fishing.
More example sentences
  • Excluding the descendants of the native-born American Indians, Eskimos, and Hawaiians, every American is a descendent of immigrants.
  • Canoeing is one of the oldest forms of transport, used most notably by Eskimos and Native Americans, and is an ideal way to spend a recreational day on the river or sea.
  • For three years he managed a store for the Hudson's Bay Company in the Arctic Circle among the Inuit Eskimos and did not return to visit Britain until 1976.
2 [mass noun] Either of the two main languages of the Eskimo people (Inuit and Yupik), comprising a major division of the Eskimo-Aleut family.
More example sentences
  • Tony Woodbury reports that in the village of Chevak, Alaska, in 1978, almost everyone spoke Chup'ik, a dialect of Yup'ik Eskimo; by 1996 it had died out among schoolchildren.
  • To take what is the most frequently mentioned case, we can note the existence of several words in Eskimo to refer to ‘snow’ compared to only one in English.
  • When people try to make a list with snow words in Eskimo, they often include words for ice.

adjective

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Relating to the Eskimos or their languages.
More example sentences
  • All of these were transcribed in the original language of the Eskimo storytellers and then translated with the help of Eskimos who also spoke English.
  • The truth about snow words in the Eskimo languages simply doesn't matter.
  • My list is somewhat more reliable than that unchecked serial exaggeration of Eskimo snow vocabulary you hear so much about.

Origin

via French Esquimaux, possibly from Spanish esquimao, esquimal, from Montagnais ayas̆kimew 'person who laces a snowshoe', probably applied first to the Micmac and later to the Eskimo (see husky2).

Usage

In recent years the word Eskimo has come to be regarded as offensive (partly through the associations of the now discredited etymology ‘one who eats raw flesh’). The peoples inhabiting the regions from the central Canadian Arctic to western Greenland prefer to call themselves Inuit: see Inuit (usage). The term Eskimo, however, continues to be the only term which can be properly understood as applying to the people as a whole and is still widely used in anthropological and archaeological contexts.

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Pronunciation: ˈhjuːbrɪs
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excessive pride or self-confidence