Definition of Esperanto in English:

Esperanto

Line breaks: Es¦per|anto
Pronunciation: /ˌɛspəˈrantəʊ
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
  • An artificial language devised in 1887 as an international medium of communication, based on roots from the chief European languages. It retains the structure of these languages and has the advantage of grammatical regularity and ease of pronunciation.
    More example sentences
    • Topics have included the history of megaliths, the semi-defunct international language Esperanto, underground Japanese cinema and music broadcast to and from space.
    • He's better than you and me, and to top it all off he can speak the international language of Esperanto.
    • Artificial human languages like Esperanto are a more difficult case.

Derivatives

Esperantist

noun
More example sentences
  • There are, I understand, some native speakers of Esperanto; the children, I presume of dedicated Esperantists, who speak it at home.
  • He's one of Lancashire's leading Esperantists and met fellow language lovers on Saturday to converse at the North West Esperanto Federation meeting in Preston.
  • In the pursuit of understanding and dialogue, during the Israeli Congress a special seminar was organised in Jordan in which Israeli, Arab and Iranian Esperantists all participated.

Origin

late 19th century: from the name Dr Esperanto, used as a pen name by the inventor of the language, Ludwik L. Zamenhof (1858–1917), Polish physician; the literal sense is 'one who hopes' (based on Latin sperare 'to hope').

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Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody