- (1588–1679), English philosopher. Hobbes was a materialist, claiming that there was no more to the mind than the physical motions discovered by science, and he believed that human action was motivated entirely by selfish concerns, notably fear of death. In Leviathan (1651) he argued that absolute monarchy was the most rational, hence desirable, form of government.
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- Instead of instinctive solidarity, mutality and compassion, they were witnesses to a descent into a Hobbesian state of nature.
- As this suggests, Hobbesian promises are strangely fragile.
- Because there is no natural brake on the tendency of self-interest to degenerate into an obsessive narcissism, both doctrines, if followed to their logical extremes, would lead humanity into a Hobbesian war of all against all.
More definitions of Hobbes, ThomasDefinition of Hobbes, Thomas in:
- The US English dictionary