- a country of Central America, bordering on the Caribbean Sea and with a short coastline on the Pacific Ocean; population 7,833,700 (est. 2009); official language, Spanish; capital, Tegucigalpa. See also British Honduras.
Honduras was at the southern limit of the Mayan empire. It was encountered by Columbus in 1502, and became a Spanish colony. In 1821 Honduras became an independent republic, and was part of the United Provinces of Central America between 1823 and 1838