Definition of Hurrian in English:

Hurrian

Line breaks: Hur|rian
Pronunciation: /ˈhʌrɪən
 
/

noun

  • 1A member of an ancient people, originally from Armenia, who settled in Syria and northern Mesopotamia during the 3rd-2nd millennia bc and were later absorbed by the Hittites and Assyrians.
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    • In the second half of the 8th century, Tiglath-Pileser III pushed his frontiers south to the Persian Gulf and north into the heart of Anatolia, defeating the Hurrians and the Hittites.
    • He wrote of the relation of the Kurdish peoples, or some of them, to the ancient Hurrians.
    • In fact, Siirt is a city of great antiquity, home to many different civilisations, beginning with the Hurrians, who were succeeded in turn by the Medes, Persians, Parthians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs and finally the Ottomans.
  • 2 [mass noun] The language of the Hurrians, written in cuneiform and of unknown affinity.
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    • We know that the Middle East of 5000 years ago was using a variety of unrelated languages, Hurrian, Egyptian, Sumerian, Elamite, Hittite, and Akkadian, where for the last 1000 years there has been nothing but Arabic and Persian.
    • This system developed over the succeeding centuries to form Akkadian, Eblaite, Elamite, Hititte, Hurrian, and Old Persian.
    • The cosmopolitan nature of the city is evident from the presence of documents written in Ugaritic, Akkadian, Hittite, Egyptian, Hurrian, and even Cypro-Minoan.

adjective

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  • Of or relating to the Hurrians or their language.
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    • The charioteers, who bore the Hurrian title mariyannu, were an élite group given special privileges.
    • Some of the pottery is estimated to be approximately 5,000 years old, and it has been linked to the Nuzi people of the Hurrian civilization.
    • To a visitor from a non-Islamic planet earth, the Hurrian political system would appear to be an exotic blend of Stalin and a militant Sweden.

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