Share this entry

India Line breaks: India
Pronunciation: /ˈɪndɪə/

Definition of India in English:

1A country in southern Asia occupying the greater part of the Indian subcontinent; population 1,156,897,800 (est. 2009); official languages, Hindi and English (fourteen other languages are recognized as official in certain regions; of these, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu have most first-language speakers); capital, New Delhi. Hindi name Bharat.

Much of India was united under a Muslim sultanate based around Delhi from the 12th century until incorporated in the Mogul empire in the 16th century. Colonial intervention began in the late 17th century, particularly by the British; in 1765 the East India Company acquired the right to administer Bengal. In 1858, after the Indian Mutiny, the Crown took over the Company’s authority, and in 1876 Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. Independence was won in 1947, at which time India was partitioned, Pakistan being created from mainly Muslim territories in the north-east (now Bangladesh) and the north-west. A member of the Commonwealth, India is the second most populous country in the world

1.1A code word representing the letter I, used in radio communication.
Example sentences
  • ‘Golf India Foxtrot pass your message.’


Via Latin from Greek India, from Indos, the name of the River Indus, from Persian Hind, from Sanskrit sindhu 'river', specifically 'the Indus', also 'the region around the Indus' (compare with Sindhi). Both the Greeks and the Persians extended the name to include all the country east of the Indus. Compare with Hindi and Hindu.

Words that rhyme with India

belvedere • Claudia

Definition of India in:

Share this entry


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day confidant
Pronunciation: ˈkɒnfɪdant
a person with whom one shares a secret...