Share this entry

Share this page

Jerusalem artichoke

Line breaks: Je¦ru|sa¦lem arti|choke
Pronunciation: /dʒəruːsələmˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk
 
/

Definition of Jerusalem artichoke in English:

noun

1A knobbly edible tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable.
Example sentences
  • I also grow a successful variety of vegetables including Jerusalem artichokes, courgettes, beans and pumpkins.
  • It comes as no real surprise, however, that onions are the most popular vegetables, and Jerusalem artichokes the least popular.
  • Those searching for ingredients for home-made soups might like to pick up some knobbly Jerusalem artichokes.
2The tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces this tuber.
  • Helianthus tuberosus, family Compositae
Example sentences
  • When sunflower was crossed with Jerusalem artichoke, F 1 hybrid plants carried 51 chromosomes and showed reduced pollen fertility.
  • Prebiotics can be found in plants like Jerusalem artichokes, tomatoes, bananas, garlic, barley and wheat.
  • In fact, every crop in North America other than the blueberry, Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower and squash has its origins elsewhere.

Origin

early 17th century: Jerusalem, alteration of Italian girasole 'sunflower'.

Definition of Jerusalem artichoke in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day Noel
Pronunciation: nəʊˈɛl
noun
Christmas…