Definition of Jerusalem artichoke in English:

Jerusalem artichoke

Line breaks: Je¦ru|sa¦lem arti|choke
Pronunciation: /ʤəruːsələmˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk
 
/

noun

  • 1A knobbly edible tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable.
    More example sentences
    • I also grow a successful variety of vegetables including Jerusalem artichokes, courgettes, beans and pumpkins.
    • It comes as no real surprise, however, that onions are the most popular vegetables, and Jerusalem artichokes the least popular.
    • Those searching for ingredients for home-made soups might like to pick up some knobbly Jerusalem artichokes.
  • 2The tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces this tuber.
    • Helianthus tuberosus, family Compositae
    More example sentences
    • When sunflower was crossed with Jerusalem artichoke, F 1 hybrid plants carried 51 chromosomes and showed reduced pollen fertility.
    • Prebiotics can be found in plants like Jerusalem artichokes, tomatoes, bananas, garlic, barley and wheat.
    • In fact, every crop in North America other than the blueberry, Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower and squash has its origins elsewhere.

Origin

early 17th century: Jerusalem, alteration of Italian girasole 'sunflower'.

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