Definition of Manchu in English:

Manchu

Line breaks: Man¦chu
Pronunciation: /manˈtʃuː
 
/

noun

  • 1A member of a people originally living in Manchuria, who formed the last imperial dynasty of China (1644–1912).
    More example sentences
    • The Qing dynasty was founded by Manchus, who conquered China in the 1640s.
    • The Manchus conquered China and established an imperial dynasty which ruled between 1644 and 1911.
    • That Huang, a Han Chinese, resented being ruled by a dynasty of Manchus no doubt had something to do with this opinion, as did his desire to strengthen the position of scholar-officials like himself.
  • 2 [mass noun] The Tungusic language of the Manchus, still spoken by a few thousand people in Xinjiang, though most Manchus now speak Chinese.
    More example sentences
    • He was a custodian of literature, in Manchu, Mongolian, Chinese, Tibetan and the Uigur language of Turkestan.
    • It is part of the diverse Uralic-Altaic language family, which spread with the ancient Mongol Empire and also contains Korean, Manchu, Turkish, Finnish, and Hungarian.
    • The job, translating the Bible into Manchu, would take him to St Petersburg for two years.

adjective

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  • Relating to the Manchu people or their language.
    More example sentences
    • As an ‘international concession’ as well as treaty port, its special privileges created an enclave exempt from Manchu authority.
    • It is set during the early Qing Dynasty, and Gordon Liu plays a man on the run after murderous Manchu oppressors kill his family.
    • He asked all the Hans to follow Manchu traditions, shaving their hair from the front of the head and wearing a thick plait at the back.

Origin

the name in Manchu, literally 'pure'.

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