- (1818–83), German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849; full name Karl Heinrich Marx. The founder of modern communism with Friedrich Engels, he collaborated with him in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848), and enlarged it into a series of books, most notably the three-volume Das Kapital.
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- Drawing heavily on the support of the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, they united the opponents of Marxian socialism in a new organization.
- The mainspring of the new Left wing can only be a revolutionary Marxian party.
- For a few minutes, the peace conference was transformed into a Marxian propagandist class for beginners.
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