Definition of Oneida in English:

Oneida

Line breaks: On¦eida
Pronunciation: /əʊˈnʌɪdə
 
/

noun (plural same or Oneidas)

  • 1A member of an American Indian people formerly inhabiting upper New York State, one of the five peoples comprising the original Iroquois confederacy.
    More example sentences
    • The Oneidas are members of the Iroquois Confederacy, also known as the League of the Haudenosaunee, or Six Nations.
    • Hofstra begins by recalling a violent skirmish in 1742 on the Virginia frontier between white settlers and a group of Oneidas and Onondagas traveling from their homelands in New York to the Carolinas.
    • Directly after the battle at Lake George, the Mohawks and Oneidas left for home to console their families and did not return as promised.
  • 2 [mass noun] The extinct Iroquoian language of the Oneida.
    More example sentences
    • An Iroquoian language, Oneida is most closely related to Mohawk.
    • The Cherokee language belongs to the Iroquoian family of languages and is therefore related to Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Tuscarora, among others.
    • I taught them the names of the Six Nations, and the meaning of Onondaga, Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Tuscarora and Oneida.

adjective

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  • Relating to the Oneida or their language.
    More example sentences
    • Johnson's army, on the other hand, was composed primarily of New England militia men, Mohawk and Oneida Indians, and almost no British regulars.
    • Born in Oneida, Wisc., an indeterminate number of years ago, to an Oneida father and a Cree mother from Alberta, Hill is able to call both sides of the border his home.
    • After the death of his first wife, Margaret, daughter of the Oneida sachem Skenandoah, Brant married Catherine Croghan, the Mohawk daughter of a British agent.

Origin

from a local word meaning 'erected stone', the name of successive principal Oneida settlements, near which, by tradition, a large syenite boulder was erected.

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