- the capital of the Czech Republic, in the north-east on the River Vltava; population 1,196,454 (2007). Czech name Praha.
Prague was the capital of Czechoslovakia from 1918 until the partition of 1993. The capital of Bohemia from the 14th century, it was the scene of much religious conflict. In 1618 Protestant citizens threw Catholic officials from the windows of Hradčany Castle, an event, known as the Defenestration of Prague, which contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years War