Definition of Rydberg atom in English:

Rydberg atom

Line breaks: Ryd|berg atom
Pronunciation: /ˈrɪdbəːg
 
/

noun

Physics
  • An atom in a highly excited state in which one electron has almost sufficient energy to escape. Atoms, usually hydrogen atoms, in this Rydberg state are used in atomic research.
    More example sentences
    • Raithel's work suggests that the first few free electrons are not produced by Rydberg atom collisions but when Rydberg atoms are photoionized by black-body radiation.
    • During the last two years, theoretical studies were performed on a variety of topics related to collisions involving Rydberg atoms.
    • We show that it is possible to excite, and then trap, one and only one Rydberg atom from a cloud of ground state atoms confined on a magnetic atom chip, itself integrated with the Rydberg trap.

Origin

named after J. R. Rydberg (see Rydberg constant).

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