Definition of Sanskrit in English:

Sanskrit

Line breaks: San|skrit
Pronunciation: /ˈsanskrɪt
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
An ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.
More example sentences
  • The ancient Indian scriptures written in Sanskrit becomes familiar ground once the language barrier is broken, he adds.
  • The word yoga comes from the ancient Indian language Sanskrit, and it means union.
  • A group called Dom belonged to the aboriginal peoples of India but had adopted the Hindu religion and an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit.

Sanskrit was spoken in India roughly 1200–400 bc, and continues in use as a language of religion and scholarship. It is written from left to right in the Devanagari script. The suggestion by Sir William Jones ( 1746–94) of its common origin with Latin and Greek was a major advance in the development of historical linguistics

adjective

Back to top  
Relating to Sanskrit.
More example sentences
  • ‘Malavikagnimitram’ is the least performed of Sanskrit plays.
  • She had identified the universal appeal of Koodiyattam before Japanese scholars discovered that forms like Noh shared a common philosophy with the Sanskrit theatre form.
  • ‘I am planning to adapt a Sanskrit play into my production by 2004’.

Origin

from Sanskrit saṃskṛta 'composed, elaborated', from saṃ 'together' + kṛ 'make' + the past participle ending -ta.

Derivatives

Sanskritic

Pronunciation: /-ˈskrɪtɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Only male priests can make this offering in the Sanskritic temple context but women have retained this important right in the Dravidian, non-Sanskritic rituals.
  • Rasa can mean mood or feeling in Sanskritic languages, and mudra can be meaningful hand gesture.
  • The total lack of historical sense is so characteristic, the whole source of Sanskritic literature is darkened by the shadow of this defect, suffering as it does from an entire absence of exact chronology.

Sanskritist

noun
More example sentences
  • The new member of the gang was later scolded by the daughter of a renowned scholar and Sanskritist.
  • His works which were translated in 1879 in French and appeared in the Annales d' Extreme Orient had a tremendous impact in France and produced in its wake a team of French Sanskritists.
  • Several Tamil and Malayali Sanskritists recite it with aplomb and attribute it to Rama who is supposed to have responded in these words to Lakshmana when requested to stay on in Lanka, the city-of-gold, instead of returning to Ayodhya.

Definition of Sanskrit in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day fioritura
Pronunciation: fɪˌɔːrɪˈt(j)ʊərə
noun
an embellishment of a melody...