Definition of Soninke in English:


Line breaks: So|ninke
Pronunciation: /sɒˈniːŋkeɪ

noun (plural same or Soninkes)

  • 1A member of a West African people living in Mali and Senegal.
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    • Religious wars raged between militant Muslims known as the Marabouts and nonbelievers (known in The Gambia as Soninkes).
    • Some slaves were light-skinned, and Mauritania's black ethnic groups such as the Soninkes or Hal-Pulaars also kept slaves.
    • From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke.
  • 2 [mass noun] The language of the Soninke, which belongs to the Mande group and has about 1 million speakers.
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    • Black Africans' determination to resist Arabization resulted in the official recognition of Fulani, Soninke, and Wolof as national languages in 1980.
    • Mali has fifteen national languages: Bamana, Bobo, Bozo, Dogon, Juula, Fulfulde, Khassonke, Malinke, Maure, Minianka, Senufo, Soninke, Songhai, Tuareg, and Tukulor.


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  • Relating to the Soninke or their language.
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    • Embodying the ‘Islamic way of life’, boubous are worn by Hausa, Fulani, and Soninke merchants.
    • The Ghana Empire, dominated by the Soninke or Saracolé people and centered in the area along the Malian-Mauritanian frontier, was a powerful trading state from about A.D. 700 to 1075.


the name in Soninke.

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