Definition of Sudan in English:

Sudan

Line breaks: Sudan
Pronunciation: /suːˈdɑːn
 
, suːˈdan/
  • 1A country in NE Africa south of Egypt, with a coastline on the Red Sea; population 35,473,000 (est. 2011); languages, Arabic (official), Hausa, and others; capital, Khartoum.
  • Under Arab rule from the 13th century, Sudan was conquered by Egypt in 1820-2. It was separated from its northern neighbour by the Mahdist revolt of 1881–98 and administered after the reconquest of 1898 as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium. It became an independent republic in 1956, but suffered severely as a result of protracted civil war between the Islamic government in the north and separatist forces in the south and west. In 2011 part of the southern region became independent as South Sudan

  • 2A vast region of North Africa, extending across the width of the continent from the southern edge of the Sahara to the tropical equatorial zone in the south.

Derivatives

Sudanese

Pronunciation: /ˌsuːdəˈniːz/
adjective & noun
More example sentences
  • The gig is great and we end the evening by talking to a group of Sudanese guys who immigrated to Australia four years ago as refugees.
  • This is embodied in his treatment of the Sudanese of West African origin, the Fellata.
  • In 1999, they became the first group to reach the U.S. as Sudanese refugees from India.

Origin

from Arabic sūdān, literally 'country of the blacks'.

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Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody