Definition of absent in English:


Line breaks: ab¦sent


Pronunciation: /ˈabs(ə)nt
  • 1Not present in a place, at an occasion, or as part of something: most pupils were absent from school at least once absent colleagues wings are absent in several species of crane flies
    More example sentences
    • The other nurse, who continues to suffer ill health arising from the near assault, has been absent from work on a number of occasions.
    • Remarkably, however, nectar is absent from those species that produce pseudopollen.
    • Shouldn't we be working on getting in touch with this technology so that we can keep track of children and young people who are absent from school?
    away, off, out, not present, non-attending, truant; not working, not at work, off duty, on holiday, on leave; gone, missing, lacking, unavailable, non-existent; Latin in absentia
    informal AWOL
    British informal bunking off, skiving
    Australian/New Zealand informal wagging


Pronunciation: /abˈsɛnt
[with object] (absent oneself) Back to top  
  • Stay or go away: halfway through the meal, he absented himself from the table
    More example sentences
    • The fact that his wife worked on the fields meant that Bandia could absent himself every once in a while to conduct his commercial activities.
    • If your family celebrates Christmas, then absenting yourself for the day to go and read a book is simply not on.
    • Over the past few generations, economic migration has resulted in men absenting themselves from family life.
    stay away, keep away, be absent, withdraw, retire, take one's leave, remove oneself, slip away, take oneself off, abscond
    informal slope off


North American formal Back to top  
  • Without: absent a willingness to negotiate, you can’t have collective bargaining
    More example sentences
    • In the meantime, I am inclined to accept Fund's denials absent contrary evidence.
    • Yet, this is indeed possible absent a willingness to read critically and teach students to do likewise.
    • The Justices are perfectly entitled, should they think fit, to convict absent such evidence.


Middle English: via Old French from Latin absens, absent- 'being absent', present participle of abesse, from ab- 'from, away' + esse 'to be'.

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