Definition of acetylate in English:

acetylate

Line breaks: acetyl|ate
Pronunciation: /əˈsɛtɪleɪt
 
/

verb

[with object] (often as adjective acetylated) Chemistry
  • Introduce an acetyl group into (a molecule or compound): the acetylated forms of chloramphenicol
    More example sentences
    • Serotonin in this gland is acetylated, then methylated, forming melatonin.
    • Histones (DNA packaging proteins) have lysine tails, which can be acetylated in a post-translational modification step.
    • The N-terminal group was acetylated to reproduce the experimental conditions at which the protein was studied.

Derivatives

acetylation

noun
More example sentences
  • The acetylation of salicylic acid increased the potency of morphine by making the compound more soluble in brain fat and facilitating transfer across the blood brain barrier.
  • This effect is consistent with the expected large reduction in electron density on the amino nitrogen upon acetylation thus making coordination with copper much less strong.
  • Slowly, as researchers learned more about the structure of histones, it became evident that patterns of acetylation and methylation could be quite precise.

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