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achondroplasia

Line breaks: achon¦dro|pla¦sia
Pronunciation: /əˌkɒndrə(ʊ)ˈpleɪzɪə
 
, eɪ-/

Definition of achondroplasia in English:

noun

[mass noun]
A hereditary condition in which the growth of long bones by ossification of cartilage is retarded, resulting in very short limbs and sometimes a face which is small in relation to the skull.
Example sentences
  • This phenomenon has been described in osteogenesis imperfecta, achondroplasia and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • Since achondroplasia affects mainly cartilaginous bones (arms and legs), the sitting height is normal while the standing height is short.
  • The 10-year-old is a huge sports fan and passionate Manchester City supporter but has been unable to compete in out-of-school contests in the past because of hereditary growth disorder achondroplasia.

Origin

late 19th century: from a-1 'without' + Greek khondros 'cartilage' + plasis 'moulding' + -ia1.

Derivatives

achondroplasic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • He is a achondroplasic dwarf and has a dislocated vertebra in his neck.
  • The need for rotational skills and control was emphasised by the problem for one swimmer, an achondroplasic.
  • The achondroplasic dwarfism or achondroplasy is the most common form of dwarfism with an approximate incidence of 1.5 for each 10,000 live newborns.

achondroplastic

2
Pronunciation: /-ˈplastɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In contrast to achondroplastic dwarfs, hypopituitary dwarfs often suffer from underlying metabolic health problems.
  • He is also part of a group studying the problems of achondroplastic children and has particular interest in cervico-medullary compression and its treatment.
  • The select committee came up with the scenario of an achondroplastic couple using preimplantation genetic diagnosis to select a child who shared their condition.

Definition of achondroplasia in:

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Pronunciation: ˈɛmjʊləs
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seeking to emulate someone or something