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adipic acid Line breaks: adip¦ic acid
Pronunciation: /əˈdɪpɪk/

Definition of adipic acid in English:


[mass noun] Chemistry
A crystalline fatty acid obtained from natural fats and used especially in the manufacture of nylon.
  • Alternative name: hexanedioic acid; chemical formula: HOOC(CH2)4COOH
Example sentences
  • The last step of adipic acid synthesis involves nitric acid oxidation, resulting in the formation of nitrous oxide as a byproduct.
  • W. H. Carothers of E. I. DuPont de Nemours first produced nylon in 1931 from hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid, a six-carbon amine and a six-carbon acid.
  • When adipic acid is manufactured from petroleum, huge amounts of ozone depleting nitrous oxide, N 2 O, are produced.


Mid 19th century: from Latin adeps, adip- 'fat' (because the acid was first prepared by oxidizing fats) + -ic.

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