Definition of alga in English:

alga

Line breaks: alga
Pronunciation: /ˈalɡə
 
/

noun (plural algae /ˈaldʒiː, ˈalɡiː/)

A simple, non-flowering, and typically aquatic plant of a large assemblage that includes the seaweeds and many single-celled forms. Algae contain chlorophyll but lack true stems, roots, leaves, and vascular tissue.
  • Divisions Chlorophyta (green algae), Heterokontophyta (brown algae), and Rhodophyta (red algae); some (or all) are frequently placed in the kingdom Protista
More example sentences
  • That is, a simple alga like Volvox and a complex metazoan like an octopus both occupy the same sublevel.
  • It is a blue-green alga, a primitive plant of the same class as seaweeds or the green slime seen on rocks and jetties when uncovered by the sea at low tide.
  • The phenomenon was first described in a red alga and a green alga more than 30 years ago.

Origin

mid 16th century: from Latin, 'seaweed'.

Derivatives

algal

adjective
More example sentences
  • After their split from the green algae, a red algal cell was engulfed by a nonphotosynthetic protist and reduced to a plastid.
  • Photosynthesis and primary production were the monopoly of bacteria and algal protists that populated the world's shallow seas.
  • The diet of Daphnia was supplemented with an algal suspension of Chlorella SP.

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