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alicyclic

Line breaks: ali|cyc¦lic
Pronunciation: /ˌalɪˈsʌɪklɪk
 
, -ˈsɪk-/
Chemistry

Definition of alicyclic in English:

adjective

Relating to or denoting organic compounds which combine cyclic structure with aliphatic properties, e.g. cyclohexane and other saturated cyclic hydrocarbons. Compare with aromatic.
Example sentences
  • Its solubility is very high in polar organic solvents as well as in benzene but it is only sparingly soluble in aliphatic or alicyclic organic solvents like hexane and cyclohexane.
  • Among the 4800 constituents of tobacco smoke, researchers have identified more than 100 alkanes, 150 alkenes and 55 alicyclic hydrocarbons.
  • The alicyclic compounds have one or more rings.

noun

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An alicyclic compound.
Example sentences
  • The characteristic that distinguishes benzene from the aliphatics and alicyclics, and that defines the aromatics, is the arrangement of electrons in the ring.
  • They are immiscible with many organic solvents, particularly linear hydrocarbons and alicyclics like cyclopentane.
  • The further separation yielded 12 fractions containing aliphatic and alicyclic, 24 containing aromatic and 1 containing nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen containing compounds (NSO fraction).

Origin

late 19th century: blend of aliphatic and cyclic.

Definition of alicyclic in:

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