Definition of aliphatic in English:

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aliphatic

Pronunciation: /ˌalɪˈfatɪk/
Chemistry

adjective

Relating to or denoting organic compounds in which carbon atoms form open chains (as in the alkanes), not aromatic rings.
Example sentences
  • For example, alkyl groups can be introduced into aliphatic hydrocarbons or aromatic hydrocarbons by alkylation reactions.
  • These included formaldehyde, several other aldehydes, ketones, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, glycol ethers, organic acids, and alcohols.
  • Aromatic and aliphatic polyurethanes share the following properties that make them suitable for use in medical devices.

noun

An aliphatic compound.
Example sentences
  • The characteristic that distinguishes benzene from the aliphatics and alicyclics, and that defines the aromatics, is the arrangement of electrons in the ring.
  • Pesticide organochlorines are diphenyl aliphatics previously used to control insect vector infections.
  • Aliphatics are our company's range of hydrocarbon fluids including specialty brands.

Origin

Late 19th century (originally used of the fatty acids): from Greek aleiphar, aleiphat- 'fat' + -ic.

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