Share this entry

Share this page

antimony

Line breaks: an|tim¦ony
Pronunciation: /ˈantɪməni
 
/

Definition of antimony in English:

noun

[mass noun]
The chemical element of atomic number 51, a brittle silvery-white semimetal. (Symbol: Sb)
Example sentences
  • There are seven metalloids: boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, selenium, antimony, and tellurium.
  • Beryllium, calcium, silver and antimony have no appreciable effect on mechanical properties.
  • The most important of these are antimony, phosphorus, tin, and arsenic, with manganese and silicon having a small effect.

Antimony was known from ancient times; the naturally occurring black sulphide was used as the cosmetic kohl. The element is used in alloys, usually with lead, such as pewter, type metal, and Britannia metal

Origin

late Middle English (denoting stibnite, the most common ore of the metal): from medieval Latin antimonium, of unknown origin. The current sense dates from the early 19th century.

Derivatives

antimonial

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈməʊnɪəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • These batteries consist of a series of grid plates made from either cast or wrought calcium lead or antimonial lead that is pasted with a mixture of lead oxides and immersed in sulfuric acid.
  • The antimonial agent used in the United States is sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam).
  • Concerns about treatment failure for visceral leishmaniasis are exacerbated by geographical variations in antimonial treatment regimens, severity of disease, and sensitivity of Leishmania species.

antimonic

2
Pronunciation: /-ˈmɒnɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • However, antimonic acid available by the conventional method is in the form of particulates.
  • Proton conductive antimonic acids, fine powders and films were prepared by soft chemical processing such as ion-exchanged reaction, sol-gel processing and autoclave reaction.
  • The applicability of granular cubic antimonic acid (C-SbA) as column packing material in chromatographic lithium isotope separation was investigated.

antimonious

3
Pronunciation: /-ˈməʊnɪəs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The 5-foot draft wing keel is antimonious lead and fastened to the structural grid network with stainless bolts.
  • The stannic and antimonious heat stabilizers which are very widely used at the present time, because of their efficiency, are very strongly recommended for a preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • Once motor vehicle wheel weights are no longer made of antimonious lead, the lead hazard in urban streets will subside.

Words that rhyme with antimony

ceremonyparsimony

Definition of antimony in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day snarf
Pronunciation: snɑːf
verb
eat or drink quickly or greedily