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aorist

Line breaks: aor¦ist
Pronunciation: /ˈeɪərɪst
 
, ˈɛːr-/
Grammar

Definition of aorist in English:

adjective

Relating to or denoting a past tense of a verb (especially in Greek), which does not contain any reference to duration or completion of the action.
Example sentences
  • Two of the more troublesome phenomena are verbs with an active present and future middle; and ‘passive deponents,’ i.e., ‘deponent’ verbs whose aorists are passive in form, not middle.
  • However, in the indicative mood, the aorist usually indicates past time.
  • The minority of these future middle verbs form the aorist normally.

noun

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The aorist tense.
Example sentences
  • When the forgiveness of sins is considered, the use of the aorist tense in the Lord's Prayer makes clear that only a final (one-time only) forgiveness is sought when the Lord comes.
  • The previous section points out that Koine ‘preferred the aorist passive in the case of deponents (where a real passive meaning is at best a possibility)’.
  • It is quite intriguing to notice that the majority of these active-present, future-middle verbs have a stem change in the aorist (a second aorist form).

Origin

late 16th century: from Greek aoristos 'indefinite', from a- 'not' + horizein 'define, limit'.

Derivatives

aoristic

1
Pronunciation: /eɪəˈrɪstɪk, ɛːˈr-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In Latin, perfective and aoristic semantics fused in the perfect, leaving the perfect and imperfect stems.
  • The aoristic present presents the action as a simple event or as a present fact without any reference to its progress.
  • Perfect can be completed aspect in present time or aoristic aspect in past time.

Definition of aorist in:

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