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apposition

Line breaks: ap¦pos|ition
Pronunciation: /apəˈzɪʃ(ə)n
 
/

Definition of apposition in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1chiefly technical The positioning of things side by side or close together.
Example sentences
  • These connections consisted of close appositions between nonspecialized areas of the plasma membranes of the 2 cells.
  • The first seven bead appositions led to spikes in the fiber position that represent adhesive events of varying duration.
  • Hence the plug is a specialized cytoplasmic structure, unlike desmosomes, gap junctions, or septate junctions, which are formed from membrane appositions.
2 Grammar A relationship between two or more words or phrases in which the two units are grammatically parallel and have the same referent (e.g. my friend Sue; the first US president, George Washington).
Example sentences
  • Long sentences with subclauses loosely strung together and lots of words in apposition likewise suggest that meaning can be continually modified rather than structured into discrete differential units.
  • By means of the universal ‘I,’ he brings the concepts of performance and political involvement into apposition with the categories of immigrant, exile, and criminal.
  • You find, if you change a direction, you get an opposition and an apposition, which creates an irony, which creates a metaphor.

Origin

late Middle English: from late Latin appositio(n-), from apponere 'to apply' (see apposite).

Derivatives

appositional

1
adjective& noun
Example sentences
  • By virtue of the appositional relation, ‘the crime’ is elaborated as ‘shoplifting’, while ‘shoplifting’ is categorized as ‘a crime’.
  • Opting for an unusually loose, appositional syntax which strings together phrases or clauses that come at a phenomenon from different angles, he manages to give a sensuous concreteness to abstract concepts.
  • The complex appositional NP in the pledge does commit the pledger to a number of claims: that the USA is a single nation, located under God in some sense, indivisible, having liberty for all, and having justice for all.

Definition of apposition in:

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