1 [mass noun] Coffee or coffee beans from the most widely grown coffee plant.
- By next year, the self-taught coffee grower hopes to have 200,000 plants producing first-class arabica - the gourmet's choice, already grown in Madagascar for the domestic market - from his estate in the mountains.
- ‘We sell two kinds of coffee, robusta and arabica, but our customers can ask for a mix of the two,’ Widya said.
- While farming cooperatives often receive above-market prices for gourmet arabica coffee, the extra money doesn't always filter down into the pockets of the small farmers who grew the beans and the pickers who harvested them.
2The bush that produces arabica coffee beans, native to the Old World tropics.
- Coffea arabica, family Rubiaceae. See also robusta.
- Coffee cultivation began in the Yemen in the ninth century, the beans being obtained from a bush, Coffea arabica, and they were introduced into Europe alongside tea in the sixteenth century.
- Coffea arabica, the source of today's premium beans, and C. canephora, known for the robusta beans commonly used for making instant coffees, are the two most widely grown coffees in the world.
- Isola Madre is more laid back, and more playful in its layout - so, for example, the coffee plant coffea arabica grows next to a burst of sugar cane.
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