An early type of portable gun supported on a tripod or a forked rest.
- The Japanese use of the arquebus was a considerable element in their success.
- For example, bowstrings were easily split, spear shafts easily broken and use of the arquebus often dictated by the weather.
- The arquebus was fairly common throughout the length of Japan by 1580, but often in short supply in the more remote regions.
Mid 16th century: from French harquebuse, based on Middle Low German hakebusse, from hake 'hook' + busse 'gun'.
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