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ascetic

Line breaks: as¦cet¦ic
Pronunciation: /əˈsɛtɪk
 
/

Definition of ascetic in English:

adjective

Characterized by severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons: an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labour
More example sentences
  • Sufism emphasises the more mystical and ascetic aspects of the religion.
  • Yet the texts are firmly part of the later medieval world: the first two come from the writings of visionary women mystics and the last from a rigorously ascetic monastic theologian.
  • True spirituality, or godliness, is found in everyday social relationships as well as in prayer, learning, or ascetic practices.
Synonyms
reclusive, solitary, cloistered, eremitic, anchoritic, hermitic;
celibate, continent, chaste, puritanical, self-abnegating, other-worldly, mortified

noun

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A person who follows an ascetic life.
Example sentences
  • The composition of hymns of the Rig-Veda was done by Hindu recluses, ascetics, Rishis and Sages rooted in the realities of life inside the society.
  • These are the qualities of Siva, the lord of yogis and ascetics.
  • The major sect of Udasin ascetics was originally not Shaiva - nor even Hindu - but belonged to the Sikh religion.
Synonyms
Islam fakir, Sufi, dervish;
Hinduism yogi, rishi, sannyasi;
in Indiasadhu, muni;
in Japanhikikomori
rare gymnosophist, marabout, santon, eremite, stylite, pillar saint, pillar hermit, pillarist, aerialist, cenobite

Origin

mid 17th century: from medieval Latin asceticus or Greek askētikos, from askētēs 'monk', from askein 'to exercise'.

More
  • Suggestive of severe self-discipline and abstention from indulgence, ascetic is from Greek askētikos. The base is askētēs ‘monk’.

Derivatives

ascetically

1
adverb
Example sentences
  • She had lived ascetically to the point where she destroyed her fragile mental and physical health.
  • Resigning his see to write, preach, and travel, he lived ascetically in London.
  • Are all men welcome to go there only if they live as monks, sharing the humility and simple lives of the inhabitants, eating, dressing, and living ascetically and piously, etc.?

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