Share this entry

Share this page

atheroma

Line breaks: ath¦er|oma
Pronunciation: /ˌaθəˈrəʊmə
 
/

Definition of atheroma in English:

noun

[mass noun] Medicine
1Degeneration of the walls of the arteries caused by accumulated fatty deposits and scar tissue, and leading to restriction of the circulation and a risk of thrombosis. See also atherosclerosis.
Example sentences
  • The early lesions of calcific degenerative disease resemble atheroma of the coronary artery.
  • If the ultrasound shows stenosis or atheroma, the patient should understand the risks and benefits of the procedure.
  • For subjects who were 45-69 yr of age, Crawford and Crawford reported no difference in the prevalence of extensive atheroma or significant stenosis between residents of hard-water and soft-water areas.
1.1The fatty material which forms deposits in the arteries.
Example sentences
  • Angina happens when the coronary arteries get blocked up with small pieces of fatty material called atheroma.
  • Ultrasound devices provide reliable measurements of lumen size, distensibility, wall thickness, and the presence of atheroma in large arteries.

Origin

late 16th century: via Latin from Greek athērōma, from athērē, atharē 'groats'.

Derivatives

atheromatous

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Additionally, care must be taken when dissecting the carotid vessels to avoid disturbing the atheromatous lesions causing fragmentation and subsequent embolization and stroke.
  • Inflammatory processes are believed to play a role in the conversion of coronary vessel-wall lipids into dangerous atheromatous plaques.
  • This is often induced by physical exertion, and the commonest aetiology is atheromatous coronary artery disease.

Definition of atheroma in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day peart
Pronunciation: pɪət
adjective
lively; cheerful