Definition of bacteriorhodopsin in English:

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bacteriorhodopsin

Pronunciation: /bakˌtirēōˌrōˈdäpsin/

Entry from US English dictionary

noun

Biochemistry
A protein present in the bacterium Halobacterium halobium that transports protons across the cytoplasmic membrane when illuminated.
Example sentences
  • Internal structural water molecules seem to play an important role in proton conduction in membrane proteins like bacteriorhodopsin, the photosynthetic reaction center, and cytochrome-c oxydases.
  • The integral membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin acts as a light-driven proton pump in the purple membrane of Halobacterium salinarum.
  • The membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin, a light-driven proton pump, is a very suitable protein to study proton transfer.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: bac·te·ri·o·rho·dop·sin

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