An obsolete stringed instrument similar to a bass viol, with additional sympathetic strings, used mainly in 18th-century Germany and Austria.
- Haydn wrote a considerable number of trios for baryton, viola, and cello, in which he and a colleague could accompany his employer, Nicolaus Esterházy, an enthusiastic amateur of the baryton.
- A bizarre archaic instrument fancied by an Esterhazy prince Nikolaus, the baryton was like the six-string viola da gamba but with a chromatic octave's worth of extra strings that could be plucked by the thumb behind the fingerboard.
- Or what about the chamber music: 70 string quartets, 30-plus piano trios, and well over 100 baryton trios.
Variant of baritone.
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