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basanite

Line breaks: bas¦an|ite
Pronunciation: /ˈbasənʌɪt
 
/

Definition of basanite in English:

noun

[mass noun]
A dark grey or black basaltic rock consisting of plagioclase, augite, olivine, and a feldspathoid.
Example sentences
  • In 1949, both basanite and tephrite were ejected during a single, 5 week long eruption that formed monogenetic cones and lava flows on the volcanic island of La Palma, Canary Islands.
  • Eruption at the surface then yields initial tephrite, typically erupted as pyroclasts, followed by eruption and shallow intrusion of basanite from deeper in the dyke.
  • In most cases the basanites intrude Triassic cherts and carbonates.

Origin

late 18th century: from Latin basanites (see basalt) + -ite1.

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