Share this entry

basic oxygen process Line breaks: basic oxy¦gen pro|cess

Definition of basic oxygen process in English:

noun

A steel-making process in which a jet of oxygen is delivered by a lance on to a molten mixture of pig iron and scrap steel in a retort lined with a basic refractory. Excess carbon is burnt away, producing enough heat to keep the iron molten, and the oxidized impurities are removed as gases or slag.
Example sentences
  • Among the primary steel melting processes are the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen process.
  • The basic oxygen process is the most common process for producing steel.
  • This gave way mid-century to the basic oxygen process, which used pure oxygen instead of air, cutting the process time from all day to just a few hours.

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources