Definition of bias in English:

bias

Line breaks: bias
Pronunciation: /ˈbʌɪəs
 
/

noun

  • 1 [mass noun] Inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair: there was evidence of bias against black applicants the bias towards younger people in recruitment
    More example sentences
    • Has there been prejudice and bias against the applicant by both the judge at first instance and by the majority of the Full Court?
    • Publication bias in favour of aspirin also exists.
    • In an article for today's paper, the government's transport adviser firmly rejects claims of an unfair bias in favour of London and the south-east.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1A concentration on or interest in one particular area or subject: his work showed a discernible bias towards philosophy
    More example sentences
    • He is interested in the human bias towards particular scientific ideas, not on the scale of a particular concrete example as in our pictures above, but within an entire area of science.
    • The downturn in the technology sector has been unkind to those with a strong bias towards this area.
    • There is a discernible bias to topics popular with the current generation of French and Russian mathematicians, who form the bulk of the authors.
  • 1.2A systematic distortion of a statistical result due to a factor not allowed for in its derivation.
    More example sentences
    • Furthermore, the statistical bias varies with the filling factor.
    • Consideration of potential confounders, measures to prevent bias, and appropriate statistical analysis were mostly lacking.
    • We prefer a random partition that produces a point estimate with less bias than would result from a deterministic partition.
  • 2A direction diagonal to the weave of a fabric: a turquoise silk dress cut on the bias
    More example sentences
    • Garment pieces cut on the bias should be pressed with the lengthwise grainline, to avoid stretching.
    • Then I trimmed that seam down to 1/4 ‘all around and finished it with a Hong Kong finish, using a sheer fabric cut on the bias.’
    • The undercollar is traditionally cut on the bias in two pieces with a center back seam.
    Synonyms
    diagonal, cross, slant, oblique, angle
  • 3 Bowls The irregular shape given to one side of a bowl.
    More example sentences
    • This model bowl has the Traditional bias which has stood the test of time wherever Lawn Bowls is played.
    • The bowls are not quite round. They are shaved on one side which gives them the bias.
    • Very easy to hold and with a predictable line it is a match for any modern bias bowl.
  • 3.1The oblique course taken by a bowl as a result of its irregular shape.
    More example sentences
    • Bowling indoors is a completely different experience from outdoors and requires different characteristics in the bowls used, the artificial surface being very much faster and more prone to bias.
    • Heavy weight and Medium weight bowls run with the same bias.
    • Increased amounts of bias will reduce the maximum attainable speed. The top speed with maximum bias is approximately 55 mph!
  • 4 Electronics A steady voltage, magnetic field, or other factor applied to a system or device to cause it to operate over a predetermined range.
    More example sentences
    • Semiconductor amplifying circuit having improved bias circuit for supplying a bias voltage to an amplifying FET
    • At higher T, it takes less time for thermal fluctuations to induce rupture under an applied bias force.
    • The experimental data suggest the opposite: increasing the applied voltage bias usually increases the duration of the current blockades.

verb (biases, biasing, biased)

[with object] Back to top  
  • 2 Electronics Give a bias to: bias the valve so that the anode current is normally zero or small
    More example sentences
    • Hence, the unbiased variance estimator may be negatively biased due to spatial autocorrelation.
    • When a MOS channel is formed by forward biasing the gate, a Zener tunnel current evolves with a steep turn-on characteristic.
    • The opening is urged to a closed position by resiliently biasing the filamentary members.

Origin

mid 16th century (in the sense 'oblique line'; also as an adjective meaning 'oblique'): from French biais, from Provençal, perhaps based on Greek epikarsios 'oblique'.

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