A thin but robust layer of mucilage adhering to a solid surface and containing a community of bacteria and other microorganisms.
- Often bacteria live in biofilms, or communities attached to a surface such as a rock in a pond or the lining of an intestine.
- They can attach to solid surfaces and form biofilms that are defined as matrix-enclosed microbial populations adherent to each other and to surfaces or interfaces.
- Certain genes, called vps genes, enable V. cholerae to stick together in bacterial communities, or biofilms, in both fresh and salt water.
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