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biolistics

Line breaks: bio|lis¦tics
Pronunciation: /bʌɪə(ʊ)ˈlɪstɪks
 
/

Definition of biolistics in English:

plural noun

[treated as singular]
A technique in genetic engineering in which tiny metal pellets coated with DNA are propelled into living cells at high velocities.
Example sentences
  • Over-expression of introduced genes is a problem with some methods, such as biolistics, which is shooting gene preparations into plant tissue with tiny projectiles.
  • Previous reports have shown that biolistics can be used to transfer genes to chickens in ovo.
  • It makes use of biolistics technology, where tiny particles are injected through cell walls by a high-powered gun.

Origin

late 20th century: apparently from bio- and ballistics.

Derivatives

biolistic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • The strain was transformed using biolistic techniques.
  • Leaves of pepper, potato, tomato, Arabidopsis, and maize were subjected to biolistic transient transformation with various DNA constructs and were subsequently histochemically stained to visualize GUS activity.
  • Particle coating and bombardment conditions were carried out basically as described previously, with a biolistic helium gun device.

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