There are 2 main definitions of bougie in English:

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bougie 1

Pronunciation: /ˈbuːʒi/

noun (plural bougies)

Medicine
A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.
Example sentences
  • Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.
  • A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.
  • In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.

Origin

Mid 18th century: from French, literally 'wax candle', from Arabic Bijāya, an Algerian town which traded in wax.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: bou¦gie

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There are 2 main definitions of bougie in English:

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bougie 2

Pronunciation: /ˈbo͞oZHē/

Entry from US English dictionary

(also bourgie)

adjective

US informal, often derogatory
Exhibiting qualities attributed to the middle class, especially pretentiousness or conventionality: the candlelit cocktail party was pretty bougie
More example sentences
  • I wonder whether my daughters will install carpeting in their townhomes because hardwood floors are bougie and lame.
  • Dad didn't like it 'cause it was too bougie and gentrified and full of tourists and rich hippies.
  • Now he's a comfortable bourgie college administrator, but he had some great stories.

Origin

1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: bou·gie

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