Entry from US English dictionary
Definition of bourg in English:
1A town or village under the shadow of a castle.
- The settlers were moving out on their own, creating new social units - manors, lordships, abbeys, bourgs - where none had existed before.
- Only in very special circumstances could either castle or bourg flourish in the absence of nearby manors to sustain them.
- The city achieves its own administrative union in 1423, by the ‘Union privilege’, which puts an end to a long history of internal problems between the civitas and the two bourgs.
1.1A French market town.
- In contrast, most southern industry was artisanal and centred in small towns: in the bourgs around Brignoles, for example, there were perfumeries, soap and paper works, and tanneries (fifteen in Barjols alone).
- Armed mobilizations usually originated in small towns or market bourgs and involved large numbers of rural communes, while unarmed crowds gathered mainly in cities and towns.
- Furthermore, rebels in the towns and market bourgs planned the mobilizations of nearby rural communes and they organized regional gatherings in their own localities.
French, from late Latin burgus 'castle' (in medieval Latin 'fortified town'), ultimately of Germanic origin and related to borough.
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