Definition of bruise in English:

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Pronunciation: /bruːz/


1An injury appearing as an area of discoloured skin on the body, caused by a blow or impact rupturing underlying blood vessels: his body was a mass of bruises after he had been attacked
More example sentences
  • A post-mortem examination found she had died of multiple injuries but had pre-existing bruises on her body.
  • I felt my skin cut and tear and massive bruises appear on my skin as the savage battle of stability continued.
  • Of course McReady and Smith went right to work, checking over every part of her body, looking for bruises, and other lesion on the skin.
contusion, lesion, mark, injury, black-and-blue mark, skin discoloration, blackening;
swelling, lump, bump, welt;
black eye
informal shiner
technical ecchymosis, trauma
1.1A mark indicating damage on a fruit, vegetable, or plant.
Example sentences
  • Ian took it from her and examined it, as if he were checking fruit for bruises.
  • She picked up a purple fruit to find a bruise near the stem.
  • Inspect for bruises that will mar the fruit as it dries.


[with object]
1 (often as adjective bruised) Inflict a bruise on (someone or something): a bruised knee
More example sentences
  • He bruised his ankle and knee, but should make the home Parker Pen Shield tie with Madrid in a fortnight.
  • First, WR Antonio Freeman bruised a knee ligament in the second minicamp.
  • Oshantri crashed through the door on the second attempt, having severely bruised her shoulder, and caused Taizjin to drop the blade into the sink.
contuse, injure, mark, make black and blue, discolour, blacken, hurt
mark, discolour, blemish;
damage, spoil, impair, mar
1.1 [no object] Be susceptible to bruising: potatoes bruise easily, so treat them with care
More example sentences
  • Although you might think they are really tough because they feel hard, potatoes bruise easily and should be treated with care and kept somewhere cool and dark, out of the plastic bag.
  • Gareth always bruised exceptionally easily because of Wiscott Aldridge Syndrome and had to avoid contact sports.
  • I was sore all over, and bruised, but I don't bruise easily, so it wasn't that bad.
1.2Hurt (someone’s feelings): she tried to bolster her bruised pride
More example sentences
  • That nighttime trip had wounded his pride and bruised his ego.
  • Power struggles happen, and egos are bruised, and feelings are hurt, and none of this will exactly shock anyone in the audience of this movie.
  • Although Ryouseika was smiling, she could tell that Nazuna's pride had been bruised by having to share her girlfriend.
upset, offend, insult, affront, hurt, wound, pain, injure, crush, displease, peeve, vex, distress, grieve
2Crush or pound (food): the mix contains bruised oats
More example sentences
  • Cut the lemon into 10 wedges, peel and bruise the garlic, place these along with the potatoes on a non-stick baking tray.
  • Crushing or bruising a leaf or flower will release the ‘essential oils’.
  • To bruise herbs, Mr. Sullivan advises crushing then with the back of a large knife or tapping them with a mallet.


Old English brȳsan 'crush or injure with a blow', reinforced in Middle English by Old French bruisier 'break'.

Words that rhyme with bruise

abuse, accuse, adieux, amuse, bemuse, billets-doux, blues, booze, choose, Clews, confuse, contuse, cruise, cruse, Cruz, diffuse, do's, Druze, effuse, enthuse, excuse, fuse (US fuze), Hughes, incuse, interfuse, lose, Mahfouz, mews, misuse, muse, news, ooze, Ouse, perfuse, peruse, rhythm-and-blues, ruse, schmooze, snooze, suffuse, Toulouse, transfuse, trews, use, Vaduz, Veracruz, who's, whose, youse

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