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capitate

Line breaks: capi|tate
Pronunciation: /ˈkapɪteɪt
 
/

Definition of capitate in English:

adjective

Botany & Zoology
Ending in a distinct compact head.
Example sentences
  • In a recent study of Lamiaceae secretory structures, Corsi and Bottega identified four different types of capitate trichomes on the leaves of Salvia officinalis, in addition to peltate trichomes.
  • In the absence of UV-B, both peltate and capitate glands were incompletely developed in both mature and developing leaves, the oil sacs being wrinkled and only partially filled.
  • A description might read, ‘Leaves pubescent with capitate trichomes, or farinose when dry.’

noun

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(also capitate bone) Anatomy The largest of the carpal bones, situated at the base of the palm of the hand and articulating with the third metacarpal.
Example sentences
  • The lesion is thought to be caused by attenuation of the ulnar V ligament connecting the capitate with the distal carpal row to the triquetrum of the proximal row.
  • Gymnasts' wrist injury includes distal radius stress fractures, scaphoid stress fracture, avascular necrosis of the capitate, ulnar carpal abutment, and dorsal impingement.
  • The distal row of carpals includes the hamate, capitate, trapezium, and trapezoid, which are closely approximated to the metacarpals.

Origin

mid 17th century: from Latin capitatus, from caput, capit-, 'head'.

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