Definition of carbonyl in English:

carbonyl

Line breaks: car|bonyl
Pronunciation: /ˈkɑːbənʌɪl
 
, -nɪl/

noun

[as modifier] Chemistry
  • 1Of or denoting the divalent radical CO, present in such organic compounds as aldehydes, ketones, amides, and esters, and in organic acids as part of the carboxyl group: carbonyl compounds
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    • In simple additions, the carbonyl compounds can behave as both Lewis acids and Lewis bases depending on what reagents are present.
    • Perhaps the richest and certainly the most extensively studied cluster compounds are the carbonyl complexes.
    • In this process carbonyl compounds form hydrates which have different properties from those of the parent (unhydrated chemical + water=hydrated chemical).
  • 1.1 [count noun] A coordination compound in which one or more carbon monoxide molecules are bonded as neutral ligands to a central metal atom: nickel carbonyl
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    • In particular, he covers fluxional organic molecules, fluxional metal carbonyls, the discovery of agostic hydrogens, arene complexes of lanthanides and actinides, and ï ½ 2, h, h-C 2 H 4 complexes.
    • Two decades later, a particularly interesting group of compounds made from carbon monoxide - the carbonyls - were discovered by the French chemist Paul Sabatier.
    • It is important to distinguish these organic compounds from the organometallic group known as the metal carbonyls.

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