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carcinoma Line breaks: car¦cin|oma
Pronunciation: /ˌkɑːsɪˈnəʊmə/

Definition of carcinoma in English:

noun (plural carcinomas or carcinomata ˌkɑːsɪˈnəʊmətə)

A cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of the skin or of the lining of the internal organs.
Example sentences
  • Unlike carcinomas, metastatic sarcomas generally occur deeper and may not ulcerate the mucosa.
  • The rarer types of bladder cancer include squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas, which have a different cell structure.
  • Distinguishing sarcomatoid mesothelioma from sarcomatoid carcinomas and other sarcomas may be difficult.


Example sentences
  • Composite malignant tumors containing both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components are known as carcinosarcomas.
  • To our knowledge, this carcinosarcoma is the seventh reported case of a primary pancreatic neoplasm with mixed carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements.
  • Cases of small composite esophageal carcinoma containing various carcinomatous and sarcomatous components are extremely rare.


Early 18th century: via Latin from Greek karkinōma, from karkinos 'crab' (compare with cancer).

  • cancer from Old English:

    The pattern of swollen veins around malignant tumours gave them the name cancer because they looked like the limbs of a crab—cancer in Latin. In English canker (Middle English) was the usual form for the disease until the 17th century, when canker became the term for various plant diseases. The medical term carcinoma (early 18th century) comes from karkinos, Greek for ‘crab’.

Words that rhyme with carcinoma

aroma, chroma, coma, comber, diploma, glaucoma, Homer, lymphoma, melanoma, misnomer, Oklahoma, Omagh, roamer, Roma, romer, sarcoma, soma
Definition of carcinoma in:
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