Definition of caryatid in English:


Line breaks: cary|atid
Pronunciation: /ˌkarɪˈatɪd

noun (plural caryatides /-diːz/ or caryatids)

A stone carving of a draped female figure, used as a pillar to support the entablature of a Greek or Greek-style building.
More example sentences
  • We have much of the frieze of the treasury of the Siphnians of c. 525, as well as one of the caryatid figures supporting the porch; other buildings so decorated are extremely scrappily preserved.
  • She entered the familiar vestibule, with its scarred stone caryatids and crumbling pillars, and walked down the short flight of iron-railed steps to the main chamber of Father's rooms.
  • Modigliani's early, remarkable images of caryatids (female figures that serve as columns) are sometimes as strong as his later portraits.


mid 16th century: via French and Italian from Latin caryatides, from Greek karuatides, plural of karuatis 'priestess of Artemis at Caryae', from Karuai (Caryae) in Laconia.

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Pronunciation: ˈrɛtrə(ʊ)flɛks
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