Definition of cavity in English:

cavity

Line breaks: cav¦ity
Pronunciation: /ˈkavɪti
 
/

noun (plural cavities)

  • 1An empty space within a solid object: the abdominal cavity
    More example sentences
    • Sinuses are air-filled, hollow spaces or cavities within the facial bones surrounding your nose.
    • It consisted of filling the empty space of cavities with hydrogen atoms and drawing the surface contour of the H atoms.
    • These animals are thought to survive only if ice is confined to their body cavity and other extracellular spaces.
    Synonyms
    space, chamber, hollow, hole, pocket, pouch; orifice, aperture; socket, gap, crater, pit; cutting, concavity; Anatomy lacuna, sac, alveolus, ampulla, antrum, archenteron, bulla, bursa, lumen, orbit, sinus, ventricle, vesicle; Zoology calyx; Botany cyst; Geology geode, vug
  • 1.1A decayed part of a tooth: most dentists fill cavities right away
    More example sentences
    • If the teeth are not cleaned properly they may be vulnerable to tooth decay causing cavities, or to gum disease.
    • He described techniques for scraping out caries and filling the cavities with soft metals such as tin, lead, or gold.
    • I know two mothers with toddlers who nurse several times a night and have extensive tooth decay and cavities.

Derivatives

cavitary

Pronunciation: /ˈkavɪt(ə)ri/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Because patients with cavitary pulmonary TB are more likely than those without pulmonary cavities to be sputum AFB smear-positive, patients with cavitary pulmonary disease have greater potential to transmit TB.
  • There was a solitary, well-circumscribed, 1.5 × 1.0 × 1.0-cm cavitary lesion in the cranium filled with dense, yellow fibrous tissue.
  • Of the 443 patients who had a chest radiograph report available, 173 were found to have cavitary involvement.

Origin

mid 16th century: from French cavité or late Latin cavitas, from Latin cavus 'hollow'.

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