Definition of chasten in English:

chasten

Line breaks: chas¦ten
Pronunciation: /ˈtʃeɪs(ə)n
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 1(Of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on: the director was somewhat chastened by his recent flops (as adjective chastening) a chastening experience
    More example sentences
    • Perhaps chastened by the experience, and certainly restricted by a hung council, Labour have subsequently become more conciliatory.
    • Segal is suitably chastened after last week's events.
    • In this way the ships captain kept a tight rein on his men and when the ship set sail it was with a suitably chastened crew, or so the Captain thought.
    Synonyms
    subdue, humble, cow, squash, deflate, flatten, bring down, bring low, take down a peg or two, humiliate, mortify; restrain, tame, curb, check
    informal cut down to size, put down, put someone in their place, settle someone's hash
  • 1.1 archaic (Especially of God) discipline; punish.
    More example sentences
    • A number of times in Scripture when addressing the Jews, God chastened them for not obeying His Word.
    • God Himself is said to use this method: those whom He loves, He chastens, even perhaps with the prospect of death.
    • With the loss of so many illusions at once I cannot remember when I have felt so vulnerable or chastened, but neither can I remember when I have felt so alive.

Derivatives

chastener

noun
More example sentences
  • She is the solace of the forlorn, the chastener of the prosperous, and the guide of the wayward.
  • The fact it has been discovered now will probably act as a chastener for a little time, but unless the root causes of the problem are dealt with we will always find people prepared to make profit out of the misery of other people.
  • It is a stabilizer and chastener.

Origin

early 16th century: from an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare 'castigate', from castus 'morally pure, chaste'.

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