Definition of chlamydia in English:

chlamydia

Line breaks: chla|mydia
Pronunciation: /kləˈmɪdɪə
 
/

noun (plural same or chlamydiae /-dɪiː/)

A very small parasitic bacterium which, like a virus, requires the biochemical mechanisms of another cell in order to reproduce. Bacteria of this type cause various diseases including trachoma, psittacosis, and non-specific urethritis.
  • Genus Chlamydia and order Chlamydiales
More example sentences
  • For example, if the herpes virus or chlamydia bacteria get into the eye, the symptoms tend to be more severe and last longer.
  • Several other organisms such as mycoplasma or chlamydia also can cause pneumonia.
  • Because chlamydiae are bacteria, antibiotics can thwart the infections they produce.

Origin

1960s: modern Latin (plural), from Greek khlamus, khlamud- 'cloak'.

Derivatives

chlamydial

adjective
More example sentences
  • In addition to the usual common cold viruses, chlamydial pneumonia and herpes simplex virus infections may play a role in exacerbations of bronchospasm in patients with and without asthma.
  • The evidence is inconclusive, however, about whether condoms can prevent genital herpes, syphilis, chancroids, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, or gonorrhea (in women).
  • The patient's medical history was notable for multiple unusual infections, including balanitis, chlamydial conjunctivitis, multiple episodes of pneumonia, and upper respiratory tract infections.

More definitions of chlamydia

Definition of chlamydia in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day setose
Pronunciation: ˈsiːtəʊs
adjective
bearing bristles or setae; bristly