Definition of chloride in English:

chloride

Line breaks: chlor|ide
Pronunciation: /ˈklɔːrʌɪd
 
/

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound of chlorine with another element or group, especially a salt of the anion Cl or an organic compound with chlorine bonded to an alkyl group: the presence of sulphates, chlorides, and nitrates [with modifier]: sodium chloride
    More example sentences
    • Leachate typically contains organic compounds together with metal chlorides and sulphates, and has a high chemical oxygen demand due to the presence of reducing species.
    • The carboxyl group is fairly reactive, and carboxyl group-containing compounds can undergo nucleophilic substitution to form many useful derivatives such as acid chlorides, anhydrides, esters, and amides.
    • Inorganic anions such as chloride, nitrate and sulphate can be separated in about five minutes.

Origin

early 19th century: from chlorine + -ide.

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