Definition of chlorophyll in English:

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chlorophyll

Pronunciation: /ˈklɔːrəfɪl/
Pronunciation: /ˈklɒrəfɪl/

noun

[mass noun]
A green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, which is responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Example sentences
  • The green colouring comes from chlorophyll, the same pigment that is found in foliage.
  • Unlike plants, though, cyanobacteria lack a second kind of chlorophyll, known as chlorophyll b, which in concert with chlorophyll a helps plants capture light.
  • Examples of the former are the green chlorophyll pigment in plant leaves and the orange pigment present in carrots, carotene.

Derivatives

chlorophyllous

Pronunciation: /klɔːrəˈfɪləs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In a previous study, we suggested that once Coffea somatic embryos have developed chlorophyllous cotyledons exhibiting active photosynthesis, they could be successfully cultured photoautotrophically.
  • Along the abaxial and adaxial margins of the leaf the subepidermal vascular bundles are interspersed with fibre bundles in the chlorophyllous mesophyll.
  • Their roots cover rock surfaces, are chlorophyllous and have extremely short, leafy and floral shoots scattered on their dorsal surface; they play major roles in adherence, photosynthesis, organogenesis and reproduction.

Origin

Early 19th century: coined in French from Greek khlōros 'green' + phullon 'leaf'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: chloro|phyll

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