Definition of chloroplast in English:

Share this entry

chloroplast

Pronunciation: /ˈklɔːrə(ʊ)plast/
/ˈklɔːrə(ʊ)plɑːst/ /ˈklɒrə(ʊ)plast/ /ˈklɒrə(ʊ)plɑːst/

noun

Botany
A plastid in green plant cells which contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Example sentences
  • Fluorescence of guard cell chloroplasts was imaged when plants were at approximately the six-leaf stage.
  • As Zeiger et al. have recently emphasized, guard cell chloroplasts show remarkable functional plasticity.
  • Even in the late stages of leaf senescence, the chloroplasts of guard cells remain green and functional.

Origin

Late 19th century: coined in German from Greek khlōros 'green' + plastos 'formed'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: chloro|plast

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.